Introduction

In 2010, the California legislature passed the Fair, Accurate, Inclusive, and Respectful Education Act. Known informally as the FAIR Education Act, the LGBT History Bill, or simply as SB 48, the law made multiple changes to the state Education Code. While usually identified as the law that incorporated LGBT history into state curricula and classroom instruction, the law also mandated inclusion of Americans with disabilities and other cultural groups in history instruction across California.

The main crux of the law was the new language added to Education Code Section 51204.5, which reads as follows (emboldened text indicates added content):

“…a study of the role and contributions of both men and women, Native Americans, African Americans, Mexican Americans, Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, European Americans, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender Americans, persons with disabilities, and members of other ethnic and cultural groups, to the economic, political, and social development of California and the United States of America, with particular emphasis on portraying the role of these groups in contemporary society.”

The new state History-Social Studies Framework reflects these changes to the Education Code.

This document has been developed to provide teachers with resources to incorporate perspectives on both the history of LGBT Americans and Americans with disabilities.

Disability History

  • List of Historical Figures with Disabilities (Anti-Defamation League)

http://archive.adl.org/education/curriculum_connections/fall_2005/fall_2005_lesson5_sb_famous.html

  • Disability Social History Project

http://www.disabilityhistory.org/index.html

Website of community history project with a range of information and resources on disability history, including links to books and articles, short biographies of leading historical figures with disabilities, and an historical timeline.

Biographical Sketches

http://www.disabilityhistory.org/people.html

Disability History Timeline

http://www.disabilityhistory.org/timeline_new.html

  • Museum of disABILITY History

http://museumofdisability.org/

An extension of the Museum of disABILITY History in Buffalo, New York, this website provides numerous resources, including lesson plans and annotated bibliographies. All of these resources can be accessed by way of the “Educational Resources” button on the home page, or via the URLs/links below.

Annotated Bibliography

http://museumofdisability.org/educational-resources/annotated-bibliography/

Student Bibliographies

http://museumofdisability.org/educational-resources/student-bibliographies/

Lesson Plans, Grades 4-8 (28 total lessons)

http://museumofdisability.org/educational-resources/4-8-lesson-plans/

Lesson Plans, Grades 9-12 (16 total lessons)

http://museumofdisability.org/educational-resources/9-12-lesson-plans/

  • Teaching Tolerance

http://www.tolerance.org/

A program headed by the Southern Poverty Law Center, this website contains information and resources on a wide array of issues related to social inclusion. The website includes a database that provides access to dozens of lesson plans. The lessons can be accessed easily by way of a search engine that provides for searches by keyword, topic, subject, and grade level. Some sample lessons are included below.

Lesson on Americans with Disabilities Act (all grade levels)

http://www.tolerance.org/lesson/civil-rights-and-americans-disabilities

Lesson on Understanding Disabilities (all grade levels)

http://www.tolerance.org/lesson/understanding-disabilities

Lesson on Learning Disabilities (all grade levels)

http://www.tolerance.org/lesson/fighting-prejudice-and-discrimination-against-people-learnin

  • UC Irvine History Project

Model Lesson on Disability History (11th grade)

http://historyproject.uci.edu/11thgraderesources/

Model Lesson on Disability History (12th grade)

http://historyproject.uci.edu/12thgraderesources/

LGBT History

  • Primers and Timelines on LGBT History and Civil Rights

American Psychological Association

http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/history.aspx

Civil Rights.org

http://www.civilrights.org/resources/civilrights101/

ONE Archives at USC Libraries

1950-1970s

http://www.onearchives.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/timeline-pg-1-FINAL.jpg

1980s-Present

http://www.onearchives.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Timeline-page-2-e1435779001815.jpg

PBS, American Experience

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/timeline/stonewall/

University of Kentucky Course Timeline

http://www.uky.edu/~lbarr2/gws250spring11_files/Page1186.htm

  • Calisphere

https://calisphere.org/

An online archive of more than 400,000 primary sources related to California history, Calisphere has multiple collections where teachers can access primary sources on LGBT history. Photographs and other primary sources can be retrieved from the following collections, including the Los Angeles Public Library; Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society; Lamda Archives of San Diego; and Oakland Museum of California.

  • Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network

Developing LGBT-Inclusive Classroom Resources

https://www.glsen.org/sites/default/files/LGBT%20inclus%20curriculum%202014_0.pdf

When Did It Happen: An LGBT History Lesson

https://www.glsen.org/sites/default/files/When%20Did%20it%20Happen%20Lesson%20Plan_0.pdf

  • Gay-Straight Alliance

FAIR Education Act: LGBTQ-Inclusive Lessons and Activities

https://gsanetwork.org/files/resources/National%20LGBTQ-inclusive%20lessons%20%26%20activities.pdf

  • New York Times

http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/11/22/teaching-and-learning-about-gay-history-and-issues/?_r=0

Part of the New York Times’s The Learning Network, and recently updated to include information on Obergefell v. Hodges (the Supreme Court decision protecting same-sex marriage), this webpage offers a variety of resources regarding LGBT history. The page, and its content, is arranged according to the following categories: General L.G.B.T. Issues and History; L.G.B.T. Teenagers, Same-Sex Marriage, Civil Unions and Domestic Partnerships; Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell. Each of the above sections include links to lesson plans, additional classroom materials, and relevant Times articles. Towards the bottom of the page, there are also several links to additional online resources.

The Gay ‘80s, ‘90s, and ‘00s (11th grade lesson)

http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2007/12/10/the-gay-80s-90s-and-00s/

The Culture Wars (11th grade lesson)

http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/05/18/the-culture-wars/

  • ONE Archives Foundation

http://www.onearchives.org/education-2/education/resources/

The independent community-partner of the ONE Archives at the USC Libraries (the largest archive of LGBT objects anywhere in the world), the ONE Archive Foundation website provides links to a variety of websites as well as historical speeches. Also see the link to the organization’s timelines of LGBT history above.

  • PBS, “The Stonewall Uprising” (2011)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DbmGN0iLZ1k

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/stonewall/

A recent installment in the ongoing series, American Experience, this hour-long documentary examines the history of the foundational event in the Gay Rights Movement. For additional resources, see the PBS website (second link above).

  • People with a History: An Outline Guide to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Trans* History

http://sourcebooks.web.fordham.edu/pwh/

An online database hosted by Fordham University, “People with a History” provides links to primary and secondary sources on LGBT history all across the globe and from the ancient to contemporary world.

  • Teaching Tolerance

http://www.tolerance.org/

A program headed by the Southern Poverty Law Center, this website contains information and resources on a wide array of issues related to social inclusion. The website includes a database that provides access to dozens of lesson plans. The lessons can be accessed easily by way of a search engine that provides for searches by keyword, topic, subject, and grade level. Some sample lessons are included below.

The Role of Gay Men and Lesbians in the Civil Rights Movement (11th and 12th grades)

http://www.tolerance.org/LGBT-CRM

Marriage Equality: Different Strategies for Attaining Equal Rights

http://www.tolerance.org/lesson/marriage-equality-different-strategies-attaining-equal-right

Editorial Cartoons: Gay Rights

http://www.tolerance.org/lesson/editorial-cartoons-gay-rights

  • UC Berkeley History Project

Remembering Charley Parkhurst: New Opportunities in Gold Rush California (4th grade lesson easily adapted into 8th grade lesson)

http://ucbhssp.berkeley.edu/content/remembering-charley-parkhurst-new-opportunities-gold-rush-era-california

The Legacy of the Civil Rights Movement (11th grade lesson)

http://ucbhssp.berkeley.edu/content/legacy-civil-rights-movement

  • UC Irvine History Project

Latino and Gay Civil Rights Movements (11th grade lesson)

http://historyproject.uci.edu/11thgraderesources/

  • History UnErased

https://unerased.org/products/8-12/

An educational organization devoted to LGBT issues, History UnErased publishes high-quality lesson plans for teachers across all grade levels. The lessons, however, are not free and must be purchased.

  • Unheard Voices: Stories of LGBT History

http://archive.adl.org/unheard-voices/

An online archive hosted by the Anti-Defamation League, this website provides links to oral histories related to different eras and issues in LGBT history.